Scholars interpret tauba (repentance) to mean all of the following: (i) instant renunciation of the sin, (ii) firm intention and determination or strength of mind to not return to the sin ever again, (iii) be repentant over having committed sins, and, if the sin was against the rights of any other human being, then one mast also, (iv) compensate or recompense for it.
These are known to be the conditions of tauba, or regret. Though, in the words of ALLAH Almighty and His Messenger, Prophet (PBUH), tauba has a wider sense and meaning, and includes not only the abovementioned conditions, but also normally carrying out all the commandments and orders of ALLAH Almighty with persistence. Tauba also requires disliking and renouncing those people who reject to repent, encouraging them to regret and advising them against ignoring the exercise of repentance. So regret or repentance is the opposite of committing sins in all way, and, in its universal sense, does not consist just of renouncing the sin and be repentant over it.
Verse 2:199 of Holy Quran;
Then depart from the place from where [all] the people depart and ask forgiveness of ALLAH. Indeed, ALLAH is Forgiving and Merciful.
The word tauba is like the word taqwa, in the sense that the term is used sometimes in a particular sense where it means, “instantly stopping from disobeying ALLAH Almighty or carrying out an obligation.” though, the genuine meaning of taqwa is more common: “taking all that ALLAH Almighty has given us of children, wealth, security and happiness and all else as a means to guard ourselves from what we dislike or fright in our journey to ALLAH Almighty.”
For this trip is full of replete and pitfalls with the enemies of our soul starting with our own baser selves that provoke us towards evil and unrestrained worldly desires and ensnare us in the traps of Shatan whose mission it to prevent and avoid us from this journey to ALLAH Almighty and make us return to ruin and baseness. The essence of tauba is to return to ALLAH Almighty and to adhere to what He loves and give up that which He dislikes. Tauba is a trip from the disliked to the liked.
Verse 8:33 of Holy Quran;
But ALLAH would not punish them while you, [O Muhammad], are among them, and Allah would not punish them while they seek forgiveness.
Fellow Muslims! The most honest speech is the Book of ALLAH Almighty that is Holy Quran and the best guidance is that of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Verse 27:46 of Holy Quran;
He said, “O my people, why are you impatient for evil instead of good? Why do you not seek forgiveness of ALLAH that you may receive mercy?”
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