Then shaitan went to distract Hazrat Ibraheem (AS). When he appeared to Him at the first Jamaraat, Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) said to Hazrat Ibraheem (AS): “Pelt him!” so Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) threw seven stones at shaitan and he disappeared from Him. Then he again appeared to Him at the second Jamaraat. Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) said to him: “Pelt him!” so He pelted shaitan with seven stones and he disappeared from Him. Then he again appeared to him at the third Jamaraat. Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) again instructed him: “Pelt him!” so Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) pelted him again with 7 small stones and Shaitan withdrew from him. This action is imitated by all pilgrims, symbolising one’s acknowledgement that Shaitan is enemy and must be repulsed.
Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) then laid Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) down and places his knee on His neck so that he can not move. Then He faced towards the sky and called to
ALLAH Almighty that,
“Oh ALLAH! If you did not like the existence of love for Ismaeel in my heart, I seek your forgiveness.”
Then he proclaimed ALLAH’S name and placed the knife on Hazrat Ismaeel’s (AS) throat. He would rub the knife but it would not cut, ALLAH Almighty had taken the feature of cutting away from the knife. ALLAH Almighty was pleased with the genuineness of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) and sent a white, big-eyed sheep with horns in substitute of Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) which Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) sacrificed as an alternative. This is the foundation for the offering of sacrifice (Qurbani) animals by the Hujjaj or pilgrims and by all other Muslims at the time of Eid-ul-Adha.
Note that the views of the Christians and Jews are greatly differing from Muslims with concerns to who the sacrificial son was and where the incident took place. In order to improve their honour and prestige they have attributed the sacrificial son to Hazrat Ishaq (upon him be peace) who is the forefather of the Christians and Jews rather than Hazrat Ismaeel (AS). They have also positioned the setting to be in Jerusalem than Mina. It is obvious, by looking at Biblical scriptural proof that the sacrificial son could just have been Hazrat Ismaeel (AS).
Jamarat is a Hajj ritual that involves stoning the 3 pillars that represent the shaitan. As part of this Hajj rite, the pilgrims throw pebbles at those 3 structures in the city of Mina. It also represents the refusal of man’s self and the act of casting aside one’s low wishes and desires. The ritual re-enacts the story of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) where He sacrificed his son. For the stoning rite, the 3.4 million pilgrims from all around the world filed in crowds all the way through a multi-level structure housing the walls symbolizing the shaitan in the desert valley of Mina, outside the Holy city of Makkah.
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