Then shaitan went to distract Hazrat Ibraheem (AS). When he appeared to Him at the first Jamaraat, Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) said to Hazrat Ibraheem (AS): “Pelt him!” so Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) threw seven stones at shaitan and he disappeared from Him. Then he again appeared to Him at the second Jamaraat. Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) said to him: “Pelt him!” so He pelted shaitan with seven stones and he disappeared from Him. Then he again appeared to him at the third Jamaraat. Hazrat Jibraeel (AS) again instructed him: “Pelt him!” so Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) pelted him again with 7 small stones and Shaitan withdrew from him. This action is imitated by all pilgrims, symbolising one’s acknowledgement that Shaitan is enemy and must be repulsed.
Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) then laid Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) down and places his knee on His neck so that he can not move. Then He faced towards the sky and called to
ALLAH Almighty that,
“Oh ALLAH! If you did not like the existence of love for Ismaeel in my heart, I seek your forgiveness.”
Then he proclaimed ALLAH’S name and placed the knife on Hazrat Ismaeel’s (AS) throat. He would rub the knife but it would not cut, ALLAH Almighty had taken the feature of cutting away from the knife. ALLAH Almighty was pleased with the genuineness of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) and sent a white, big-eyed sheep with horns in substitute of Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) which Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) sacrificed as an alternative. This is the foundation for the offering of sacrifice (Qurbani) animals by the Hujjaj or pilgrims and by all other Muslims at the time of Eid-ul-Adha.
Note that the views of the Christians and Jews are greatly differing from Muslims with concerns to who the sacrificial son was and where the incident took place. In order to improve their honour and prestige they have attributed the sacrificial son to Hazrat Ishaq (upon him be peace) who is the forefather of the Christians and Jews rather than Hazrat Ismaeel (AS). They have also positioned the setting to be in Jerusalem than Mina. It is obvious, by looking at Biblical scriptural proof that the sacrificial son could just have been Hazrat Ismaeel (AS).
Jamarat is a Hajj ritual that involves stoning the 3 pillars that represent the shaitan. As part of this Hajj rite, the pilgrims throw pebbles at those 3 structures in the city of Mina. It also represents the refusal of man’s self and the act of casting aside one’s low wishes and desires. The ritual re-enacts the story of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) where He sacrificed his son. For the stoning rite, the 3.4 million pilgrims from all around the world filed in crowds all the way through a multi-level structure housing the walls symbolizing the shaitan in the desert valley of Mina, outside the Holy city of Makkah.
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The Jamaraat are 3 stone pillars which are pelted as an obligatory ritual of Hajj in emulation of the Hazrat Ibraheem (AS). They represent the three spots where Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) pelted the Shaitan (Satan) with stones when he tried to discourage him from sacrificing his son Hazrat Ismaeel (AS). The pillars are called ‘Jamaraat-al-Ula’, ‘Jamaraat-al-Wusta’ and ‘Jamaraat-al-Aqaba’.
One of the purposes of the Hajj is to remember, whereas in Mina, how a 94 years old father brought his 8 years old son here for great sacrifice. Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) had first left his wife and newborn son, Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) in the desert upon ALLAH’S command. Then while returning after 8 years to them Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) saw a dream wherein a man told Him that ALLAH Almighty wanted him to Qurbani (sacrifice) of His son. He saw the same dream for 3 consecutive nights and as He was a Prophet, his dreams were a shape or form of Wahi (Divine Instruction). He realised that ALLAH Almighty wanted him to sacrifice His son for whom his heart was overfilled with emotions and love. He went to his wife and asked her to dress up Hazrat Ismaeel (AS). Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) was overjoyed that his father had come after a long time and was taking him out for a walk.
They reached Mina. Here Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) asked His son that your father has seen a dream, what is your opinion about this? The motive for asking was not to ask his opinion in deciding whether to go with the order or not. It was to see whether his son will agree to Him to follow the order freely or will He have to by force carry out this command.
The son replied,” My father, obey the order given by ALLAH Almighty. You will, INSHALLAH find me steadfast. Give my shirt to my mother as it will be a basis of comfort for her and enfold me in your own shirt. Put me face down so you cannot see my face, in case you hesitate in carrying out my slaughter.”
The earth and the witnessed that Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) tied his son and laid him down. This was very unacceptable to Shaitan so he firstly went to Bibi Hajra (upon her be peace) and asked her, “Do you know where Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) has taken your son?” She replied,” To meet a friend.” He said, “By meet a friend he aimed to meet ALLAH Almighty. He is going to sacrifice him!” She said, “How can a father slaughter his son?” By mistake, Shaitan spoken, “It is ALLAH’S command.” On hearing this Bibi Hajra (upon her be peace) replied, “If this is ALLAH’S command, then even a hundred Ismaeels can be sacrificed in this way.”
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Scholars interpret tauba (repentance) to mean all of the following: (i) instant renunciation of the sin, (ii) firm intention and determination or strength of mind to not return to the sin ever again, (iii) be repentant over having committed sins, and, if the sin was against the rights of any other human being, then one mast also, (iv) compensate or recompense for it.
These are known to be the conditions of tauba, or regret. Though, in the words of ALLAH Almighty and His Messenger, Prophet (PBUH), tauba has a wider sense and meaning, and includes not only the abovementioned conditions, but also normally carrying out all the commandments and orders of ALLAH Almighty with persistence. Tauba also requires disliking and renouncing those people who reject to repent, encouraging them to regret and advising them against ignoring the exercise of repentance. So regret or repentance is the opposite of committing sins in all way, and, in its universal sense, does not consist just of renouncing the sin and be repentant over it.
Verse 2:199 of Holy Quran;
Then depart from the place from where [all] the people depart and ask forgiveness of ALLAH. Indeed, ALLAH is Forgiving and Merciful.
The word tauba is like the word taqwa, in the sense that the term is used sometimes in a particular sense where it means, “instantly stopping from disobeying ALLAH Almighty or carrying out an obligation.” though, the genuine meaning of taqwa is more common: “taking all that ALLAH Almighty has given us of children, wealth, security and happiness and all else as a means to guard ourselves from what we dislike or fright in our journey to ALLAH Almighty.”
For this trip is full of replete and pitfalls with the enemies of our soul starting with our own baser selves that provoke us towards evil and unrestrained worldly desires and ensnare us in the traps of Shatan whose mission it to prevent and avoid us from this journey to ALLAH Almighty and make us return to ruin and baseness. The essence of tauba is to return to ALLAH Almighty and to adhere to what He loves and give up that which He dislikes. Tauba is a trip from the disliked to the liked.
Verse 8:33 of Holy Quran;
But ALLAH would not punish them while you, [O Muhammad], are among them, and Allah would not punish them while they seek forgiveness.
Fellow Muslims! The most honest speech is the Book of ALLAH Almighty that is Holy Quran and the best guidance is that of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Verse 27:46 of Holy Quran;
He said, “O my people, why are you impatient for evil instead of good? Why do you not seek forgiveness of ALLAH that you may receive mercy?”
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Jabal al-Noor (The Mountain Of Light)
Jabal al-Noor is situated in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia, outside of Makkah. Jabal al-Noor very well known and translates to “Mountain of Light.”
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received His first revelation from ALLAH Almighty through Angel Hazrat Jibraeel AS (Gabriel) in the cave of Hira which is on this mountain. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to climb this mountain often or frequently even before receiving His fist revelation from ALLAH Almighty
Ghar-e-Hira (Cave of Hira)
On Jabal al-Noor is Ghar-e-Hira (Cave of Hira). It is a small cave (ghaar) about 3.5 meters long and over 1.5 meters wide. It is in this cave that our beloved
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) found the solitude and loneliness He needed to meditate. The Prophet (PBUH) would come here to find loneliness in the year 610, when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was 40 years old; He received his first divine revelation from ALLAH Almighty through Angel Hazrat Jibraeel (AS). When
Hazrat Jibraeel (AS), appeared He recited the verse 69:1-5 of Holy Quran,
Recite! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), Recite! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen. He has taught man that which he knew not.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) took refuge in Cave of Thawr or sor from the Quraish during their migration to Madinah.
Jabal-e-Thawr (Sor Mountain)
It is in this mountain that the houses the cave (ghaar) where
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) stayed for three days and nights fleeing persecution and harassment from the Quraish during their migration to Madina. The mountain is at the southern end of Makkah and about 760 meters above sea level.
Ghar al-Thawr (Cave of Thawr)
This is the cave in Mountain Thawr (Ghar-e-Sor) that the
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) took refuge. The Quraish people entered the cave because they believed that our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was in there. But since ALLAH Almighty ordered a spider to spin a web from a bush across the entrance of the Ghaar (cave) and ALLAH Almighty also ordered two doves to fly down between the tree and the spider, make a nest and also lay eggs. When the pursuers reached near to the cave’s entrance they thought it was completely impossible that someone might have entered the cave without ruining the web of spider.
Verse 9:40 of Holy Quran
If you do not aid the Prophet – ALLAh has already aided him when those who disbelieved had driven him out [of Makkah] as one of two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion, “Do not grieve; indeed ALLAH is with us.” And Allah sent down his tranquillity upon him and supported him with angels you did not see and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the word of ALLAH – that is the highest. And ALLAH is Exalted in Might and Wise.
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Our Religion Islam puts great emphasis on making efforts and earning one’s own living instead of going out and asks others for it for no reason. Islam also devises to make well balanced Muslim society for all where everyone spends their lives according to the teachings of Islam. Those people who are rich are directed to help others in their need through an obligatory action of Zakat (Charity or alms-giving). ALLAH says in the Holy Quran verse 51:19;
“And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.”
The above mentioned verse tells us about the huge standing of believers and followers who got enough wealth in the worldly life and those who take care of the poor people through it. The concept of poverty in the Islam depends upon the fact that how much less a person owns in order to meet its daily life necessities. A deprived person is the one who does not make its situation of scarcity and poorness in front of others and avoids pleading for fulfilment of its requirement from others.
Among many signs of a true Muslim, one is that he or she never complains for any thing in front of the ALLAH Almighty, he or she always remain thankful to ALLAH and always maintains their state of self-satisfaction with whatever they got. This is just because a rightful follower of Islam knows about the temporariness of worldly life. In the verse of Quran it is stated that the Creator of the universe appreciates those of His servants who don’t go out and ask others for their requirements because of their self-control and being gratified with all whatever they have. For these type of peoples, ALLAH has instructed the wealthy ones to help them with Zakat (alms-giving) as they will hide their misery through endurance but they are the ones who really in need of Charity.
It is clear that the true believers do not publicly show or announce about their position and condition of misery in front of others so that they could get grant; instead of it they hide their situation and keep it between them and ALLAH. Islam has strictly forbidden asking other peoples for money like begging; rather a person earns his income by its own effort. Islam has considered begging very hateful act. It forbids, but it only except in dire necessity. The Prophet (PBUH) dispraised and dislikes begging and warned against it in many Hadees. Our religion Islam encourages and commands working and considers it as a high virtue; Islam forbids and completely disapproves idleness and begging.
It is the duty of every Muslim to provide food to the poor and needy. However, begging, which impairs human virtue and honour, shatters his or her personality and leads to the exploitation of kind people’s pure feelings, begging is regarded as an ugly act.
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