FAMOUS CAVES IN THE HISTORY OF ISLAM

 

Ghar e Hiraa

Jabal al-Noor (The Mountain Of Light)

Jabal al-Noor is situated in the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia, outside of Makkah. Jabal al-Noor very well known and translates to “Mountain of Light.”

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) received His first revelation from ALLAH Almighty through Angel Hazrat Jibraeel AS (Gabriel) in the cave of Hira which is on this mountain. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to climb this mountain often or frequently even before receiving His fist revelation from ALLAH Almighty

Ghar-e-Hira (Cave of Hira)

On Jabal al-Noor is Ghar-e-Hira (Cave of Hira). It is a small cave (ghaar) about 3.5 meters long and over 1.5 meters wide. It is in this cave that our beloved

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) found the solitude and loneliness He needed to meditate. The Prophet (PBUH) would come here to find loneliness in the year 610, when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was 40 years old; He received his first divine revelation from ALLAH Almighty through Angel Hazrat Jibraeel (AS). When

Hazrat Jibraeel (AS), appeared He recited the verse 69:1-5 of Holy Quran,

Recite! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), Recite! And your Lord is the Most Generous, Who has taught (the writing) by the pen. He has taught man that which he knew not.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) took refuge in Cave of Thawr or sor from the Quraish during their migration to Madinah.

Jabal-e-Thawr (Sor Mountain)

It is in this mountain that the houses the cave (ghaar) where

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) stayed for three days and nights fleeing persecution and harassment from the Quraish during their migration to Madina. The mountain is at the southern end of Makkah and about 760 meters above sea level.

Ghar al-Thawr (Cave of Thawr)

This is the cave in Mountain Thawr (Ghar-e-Sor) that the

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) took refuge. The Quraish people entered the cave because they believed that our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was in there. But since ALLAH Almighty ordered a spider to spin a web from a bush across the entrance of the Ghaar (cave) and ALLAH Almighty also ordered two doves to fly down between the tree and the spider, make a nest and also lay eggs. When the pursuers reached near to the cave’s entrance they thought it was completely impossible that someone might have entered the cave without ruining the web of spider.

Verse 9:40 of Holy Quran

If you do not aid the Prophet – ALLAh has already aided him when those who disbelieved had driven him out [of Makkah] as one of two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion, “Do not grieve; indeed ALLAH is with us.” And Allah sent down his tranquillity upon him and supported him with angels you did not see and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the word of ALLAH – that is the highest. And ALLAH is Exalted in Might and Wise.

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ISLAM STRICTLY FORBIDS BEGGING AND DISLIKES BEGGARS

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Our Religion Islam puts great emphasis on making efforts and earning one’s own living instead of going out and asks others for it for no reason. Islam also devises to make well balanced Muslim society for all where everyone spends their lives according to the teachings of Islam. Those people who are rich are directed to help others in their need through an obligatory action of Zakat (Charity or alms-giving). ALLAH says in the Holy Quran verse 51:19;

“And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.”

The above mentioned verse tells us about the huge standing of believers and followers who got enough wealth in the worldly life and those who take care of the poor people through it. The concept of poverty in the Islam depends upon the fact that how much less a person owns in order to meet its daily life necessities. A deprived person is the one who does not make its situation of scarcity and poorness in front of others and avoids pleading for fulfilment of its requirement from others.

Among many signs of a true Muslim, one is that he or she never complains for any thing in front of the ALLAH Almighty, he or she always remain thankful to ALLAH and always maintains their state of self-satisfaction with whatever they got. This is just because a rightful follower of Islam knows about the temporariness of worldly life. In the verse of Quran it is stated that the Creator of the universe appreciates those of His servants who don’t go out and ask others for their requirements because of their self-control and being gratified with all whatever they have. For these type of peoples, ALLAH has instructed the wealthy ones to help them with Zakat (alms-giving) as they will hide their misery through endurance but they are the ones who really in need of Charity.

It is clear that the true believers do not publicly show or announce about their position and condition of misery in front of others so that they could get grant; instead of it they hide their situation and keep it between them and ALLAH. Islam has strictly forbidden asking other peoples for money like begging; rather a person earns his income by its own effort. Islam has considered begging very hateful act.  It forbids, but it only except in dire necessity. The Prophet (PBUH) dispraised and dislikes begging and warned against it in many Hadees. Our religion Islam encourages and commands working and considers it as a high virtue; Islam forbids and completely disapproves idleness and begging.

It is the duty of every Muslim to provide food to the poor and needy. However, begging, which impairs human virtue and honour, shatters his or her personality and leads to the exploitation of kind people’s pure feelings, begging is regarded as an ugly act.

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